CHAIN - Strange Food Chain

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There are 3 kinds of animals A,B and C. A can eat B,B can eat C,C can eat A. It's interesting,isn't it?

Now we have n animals,numbered from 1 to n. Each of them is one of the 3 kinds of animals:A,B,C.

Today Mary tells us k pieces of information about these n animals. Each piece has one of the two forms below:

  • 1 x y: It tells us the kind of x and y are the same.
  • 2 x y: It tells us x can eat y.

Some of these k pieces are true,some are false. The piece is false if it satisfies one of the 3 conditions below, otherwise it's true.

  • X or Y in this piece is larger than n.
  • This piece tells us X can eat X.
  • This piece conflicts to some true piece before.

Input

The first line contains a single integer t.t blocks follow.

To every block,the first line contains two integers n(1<=n<=50000) and k (1<=k<=100000). k lines follow,each contains 3 positive integers D(1<=D<=2),X,Y,separated by single spaces.

Output

t lines,each contains a single integer - the number of false pieces in the corresponding block.

Example

Sample input:
1
100 7
1 101 1
2 1 2
2 2 3
2 3 3
1 1 3
2 3 1
1 5 5

Sample output:
3

Hint:

The false pieces are the 1st,the 4th and the 5th ones.

Warning: large Input/Output data, be careful with certain languages

hide comments
ravi: 2016-01-07 06:28:50

nice problem ):))

mkrjn99: 2015-05-07 09:34:50

Best question on union-find!

Eric: 2014-09-06 19:00:58

why the sentence 5 is false??

:D: 2010-07-26 06:59:12

Difference between scanf and my fast reading is 0.6s on this problem, so a lot of time is wasted on input reading. Still, with the proper algorithm in C++ you should have no problem with AC. In my case it was 0.7s, where the actual algo took under 0.1s.

P.S. In both cases I was reading the type of operation as char, not int. That probably also made some difference.

Last edit: 2010-07-26 07:02:03
Przemys³aw Pietrzkiewicz: 2009-06-29 20:56:18

IMHO time limit is too strict.


Added by:Fudan University Problem Setters
Date:2007-03-31
Time limit:1s
Source limit:50000B
Memory limit:1536MB
Cluster: Cube (Intel G860)
Languages:All except: C99 strict ERL JS
Resource:Chinese National Olympiad in Informatics 2001,Day 1; translated by Blue Mary