FCTRL - Factorial
The most important part of a GSM network is so called Base Transceiver Station (BTS). These transceivers form the areas called cells (this term gave the name to the cellular phone) and every phone connects to the BTS with the strongest signal (in a little simplified view). Of course, BTSes need some attention and technicians need to check their function periodically.
ACM technicians faced a very interesting problem recently. Given a set of BTSes to visit, they needed to find the shortest path to visit all of the given points and return back to the central company building. Programmers have spent several months studying this problem but with no results. They were unable to find the solution fast enough. After a long time, one of the programmers found this problem in a conference article. Unfortunately, he found that the problem is so called "Travelling Salesman Problem" and it is very hard to solve. If we have N BTSes to be visited, we can visit them in any order, giving us N! possibilities to examine. The function expressing that number is called factorial and can be computed as a product 184.108.40.206....N. The number is very high even for a relatively small N.
The programmers understood they had no chance to solve the problem. But because they have already received the research grant from the government, they needed to continue with their studies and produce at least some results. So they started to study behaviour of the factorial function.
For example, they defined the function Z. For any positive integer N, Z(N) is the number of zeros at the end of the decimal form of number N!. They noticed that this function never decreases. If we have two numbers N1<N2, then Z(N1) <= Z(N2). It is because we can never "lose" any trailing zero by multiplying by any positive number. We can only get new and new zeros. The function Z is very interesting, so we need a computer program that can determine its value efficiently.
There is a single positive integer T on the first line of input (equal to about 100000). It stands for the number of numbers to follow. Then there are T lines, each containing exactly one positive integer number N, 1 <= N <= 1000000000.
For every number N, output a single line containing the single non-negative integer Z(N).
6 3 60 100 1024 23456 8735373
0 14 24 253 5861 2183837
no need of finding factorial ! just learn the concept of trailing zeros from brilliant.org and go for it
the amount of trailing zeroes is directly proportional to how many 5s there are in n factorial. a good approximation is n/4.
Nice Concept. :D Thanks for the Link :)
thanks for the link..Ac in one go with 0.02
Why am i getting TLE even when I'm using legendre's formula ?
thks for the link, awesome formulaLast edit: 2017-08-20 18:50:33
Excellent piece of problem. No fancy Algorithm but a bit fancy "Mathematics"
No need for any fancy algorithms, just think about the numbers which increase the amount of trailing zeroes. Obviously multiples of 10, what else?