ARBITRAG - Arbitrage
Arbitrage is the use of discrepancies in currency exchange rates to transform one unit of a currency into more than one unit of the same currency. For example, suppose that 1 US Dollar buys 0.5 British pounds, 1 British pound buys 10.0 French francs, and 1 French franc buys 0.21 US dollars. Then, by converting currencies, a clever trader can start with 1 US dollar and buy 0.5 * 10.0 * 0.21 = 1.05 US dollars, making a profit of 5 percent.
Your job is to write a program that takes a list of currency exchange rates as input and then determines whether arbitrage is possible or not.
The input file will contain one or more test cases. On the first line of each test case there is an integer n (1<=n<=30), representing the number of different currencies. The next n lines each contain the name of one currency. Within a name no spaces will appear. The next line contains one integer m, representing the length of the table to follow. The last m lines each contain the name ci of a source currency, a real number rij which represents the exchange rate from ci to cj and a name cj of the destination currency. Note that ci and cj may be the same currency. Exchanges which do not appear in the table are impossible.
Test cases are separated from each other by a blank line. Input is terminated by a value of zero (0) for n.
For each test case, print one line telling whether arbitrage is possible or not in the format "Case case: Yes", respectively "Case case: No".
Input:3 USDollar BritishPound FrenchFranc 3 USDollar 0.5 BritishPound BritishPound 10.0 FrenchFranc FrenchFranc 0.21 USDollar 3 USDollar BritishPound FrenchFranc 6 USDollar 0.5 BritishPound USDollar 4.9 FrenchFranc BritishPound 10.0 FrenchFranc BritishPound 1.99 USDollar FrenchFranc 0.09 BritishPound FrenchFranc 0.19 USDollar 0Output:Case 1: Yes Case 2: No
There are indeed cases with conversion of the form Currency Rate Currency
can any provide the output for this testcase?? please
can any rij be negative? and what is the range of rij?
And there are cases like below also