CERC07K  Key Task
The Czech Technical University is rather old  you already know that it celebrates 300 years of its existence in 2007. Some of the university buildings are old as well. And the navigation in old buildings can sometimes be a little bit tricky, because of strange long corridors that fork and join at absolutely unexpected places.
The result is that some firstgraders have often difficulties finding the right way to their classes. Therefore, the Student Union has developed a computer game to help the students to practice their orientation skills. The goal of the game is to find the way out of a labyrinth. Your task is to write a verification software that solves this game.
The labyrinth is a 2dimensional grid of squares, each square is either free or filled with a wall. Some of the free squares may contain doors or keys. There are four different types of keys and doors: blue, yellow, red, and green. Each key can open only doors of the same color. You can move between adjacent free squares vertically or horizontally, diagonal movement is not allowed. You may not go across walls and you cannot leave the labyrinth area. If a square contains a door, you may go there only if you have stepped on a square with an appropriate key before.
Input
The input consists of several maps. Each map begins with a line containing two integer numbers
R and C (1 <= R, C <= 100) specifying the map size. Then there are R lines each containing C
characters. Each character is one of the following:
Hash mark '#' Wall
Dot '.' Free square
Asterisk '*' Your position
Uppercase letter 'B','Y','R','G' Blue, yellow, red or green door
Uppercase X 'X' Exit
Note that it is allowed to have
* more than one exit,
* no exit at all,
* more doors and/or keys of the same color, and
* keys without corresponding doors and vice versa.
You may assume that the marker of your position ("*") will appear exactly once in every map. There is one blank line after each map. The input is terminated by two zeros in place of the map size.
Output
For each map, print one line containing the sentence "Escape possible in S steps.", where S is the smallest possible number of step to reach any of the exits. If no exit can be reached, output the string "The poor student is trapped!" instead. One step is defined as a movement between two adjacent cells. Grabbing a key or unlocking a door does not count as a step.
Example
Input: 1 10 *........X 1 3 *#X 3 20 #################### #XY.gBr.*.Rb.G.GG.y# #################### 0 0 Output Escape possible in 9 steps. The poor student is trapped! Escape possible in 45 steps.
hide comments
laithhelwany_:
20191110 11:18:21
BFS & Bitmask .. Use Vis[r][c][bitmask] to know what keys you have 

arman____:
20190901 21:03:59
any reference of bitmask??


felipenoronha:
20190724 06:55:14
KEYS ARE LOWERCASE AND DOORS ARE UPPERCASE... 

momen1233:
20190409 18:56:54
from where can i get hints ? 

masterchef2209:
20181209 15:40:37
Quality Question for beginners. 

sameer_hack:
20181007 23:56:31
How to solve this in Java.


holmesherlock:
20171225 08:48:24
beautiful problem ,bitmask+bfs will get u ac :)


namitp:
20170715 18:09:33
Easy One....Small Mistake Costed Me One TLE.... 

kshubham02:
20170320 20:20:23
Spent days on it assuming that you lose a key when you use it to open a door :/


vengatesh15:
20170213 12:20:19
finally removed from my todo list after 2 months.. 
Added by:  Rafal 
Date:  20071116 
Time limit:  1s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: ERL JSRHINO NODEJS PERL6 VB.NET 
Resource:  Central European Programming Contest, Prague 2007 