CPU - Exploding CPU


The well known hardware manufacturing company Processors for Professors is about to release a highly specialized CPU with exceptional functionality in, amongst other areas, number theory. It has, for example, an instruction PFACT that takes one parameter and returns all prime factors of that parameter, with an outstanding execution speed. It has, however, one considerable problem. The scientists at the testing lab has just found out that the PFACT instruction for some special input values freaks out and makes the entire processor explode. Even though this could be an amusing effect, it is not the way it was intended to work. The skilled mathematicians have, by trial and error, found that the explosive numbers all share the same interesting number theoretic properties, which might be of help when troubleshooting. An explosive number is a number x = p0p1p2 . . . pn where all pis are distinct prime numbers such that pi = Api−1 +B for i = 1, 2, . . . , n. n >= 3, p0 = 1. A and B are always integers, and might be different for different explosive numbers. For example, the processor will explode when factorizing the number 4505, because 4505 = 1 · 5 · 17 · 53 and 5 = 3 · 1 + 2, 17 = 3 · 5 + 2 and 53 = 3 · 17 + 2 and the numbers 5, 17 and 53 are all prime numbers. In this case A = 3 and B = 2. You are kindly asked to write a computer program that will aid this company in estimating the impact of the errors, by calculating the amount of explosive numbers that exists within a given range of integers.

Input

The input starts with a row containing the number 0 <= N <= 100 of test cases that will follow. For each test case, there will be one row containing two integers, xL and xH separated by a single space. These numbers are such that 0 <= xL <= xH <= 2,000,000,000.

Output

For each test case, output the number of explosive numbers that exist in the range xL <= x <= xH.

Example

Input:
2
4505 4505
0 5000

Output:
1
5

hide comments
­Surendra: 2013-11-12 00:26:38

@thomas : A and B can be negative.

thomas anderson: 2010-03-16 17:21:04

For 2nd input of example i found just 4
(105,1729,1885 and 4505).
Could you explain bacause is 5?

Jeffrey Wang: 2009-09-07 03:12:27

why the 60s time limit... it seems like 1s is enough.


Added by:Fabio Avellaneda
Date:2009-03-01
Time limit:8.183s
Source limit:50000B
Memory limit:1536MB
Cluster: Cube (Intel G860)
Languages:All except: ERL JS-RHINO NODEJS PERL6 VB.NET
Resource:I maratón interuniversitaria del circuito Redis - Acis. Sedes: Politécnico - Javeriana