GSS4  Can you answer these queries IV
You are given a sequence A of N(N <= 100,000) positive integers. There sum will be less than 10^{18}. On this sequence you have to apply M (M <= 100,000) operations:
(A) For given x,y, for each elements between the xth and the yth ones (inclusively, counting from 1), modify it to its positive square root (rounded down to the nearest integer).
(B) For given x,y, query the sum of all the elements between the xth and the yth ones (inclusively, counting from 1) in the sequence.
Input
Multiple test cases, please proceed them one by one. Input terminates by EOF.
For each test case:
The first line contains an integer N. The following line contains N integers, representing the sequence A_{1}..A_{N}.
The third line contains an integer M. The next M lines contain the operations in the form "i x y".i=0 denotes the modify operation, i=1 denotes the query operation.
Output
For each test case:
Output the case number (counting from 1) in the first line of output. Then for each query, print an integer as the problem required.
Print an blank line after each test case.
See the sample output for more details.
Example
Input: 5 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 4 0 2 4 1 2 4 0 4 5 1 1 5 4 10 10 10 10 3 1 1 4 0 2 3 1 1 4 Output: Case #1: 9 4 6 Case #2: 40 26
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debarun:
20190823 20:20:49
This is my first problem where using cin/cout with fast i/o didn't work. Whereas, scanfprintf got my job done! 

iviosab:
20190317 19:10:43
Note that Ai may hold a negative number, this was not mentioned in the statement 

megatron10599:
20190214 16:14:40
Purely for optimization, sacrificed code quality for AC 

raghavgarg098:
20190101 09:06:14
Last edit: 20190101 09:17:39 

phoemur:
20181021 01:35:17
Don't forget edge cases, when a query(l, r) has l > r;


tanardi gunawan:
20181004 10:26:01
just pruning got ac 

shizukaa:
20180729 12:40:53
Key points:


minhazul_islam:
20180420 07:28:30
@Riddhi EOF is == 1. While thinks it as TRUE. So, after getting the last number while loop won't stop. As a result scanf will try again to take a number but there is nothing left to take input in judge data. Thus you program will cause a RTE. Last edit: 20180420 07:28:54 

Riddhi:
20180419 11:31:55
didn't know that <while(scanf("%d", &n))> gives runtime error


mahmoud_16:
20180322 21:33:54
hello,can anyone make an editorial for this problem or poste his solution

Added by:  Fudan University Problem Setters 
Date:  20080521 
Time limit:  0.5s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: C99 ERL JSRHINO PERL6 
Resource:  Own problem, used in ACM/ICPC Regional Contest, Shanghai 2011 preliminary 