HISTOGRA  Largest Rectangle in a Histogram
A histogram is a polygon composed of a sequence of rectangles aligned at a common base line. The rectangles have equal widths but may have different heights. For example, the figure on the left shows the histogram that consists of rectangles with the heights 2, 1, 4, 5, 1, 3, 3, measured in units where 1 is the width of the rectangles:
Usually, histograms are used to represent discrete distributions, e.g., the frequencies of characters in texts. Note that the order of the rectangles, i.e., their heights, is important. Calculate the area of the largest rectangle in a histogram that is aligned at the common base line, too. The figure on the right shows the largest aligned rectangle for the depicted histogram.
Input Specification
The input contains several test cases.
Each test case describes a histogram and starts with an integer n
, denoting the number of rectangles it is composed of.
You may assume that 1 <= n <= 100000
.
Then follow n
integers h_{1}, ..., h_{n}
, where 0 <= h_{i} <= 1000000000
.
These numbers denote the heights of the rectangles of the histogram in lefttoright order.
The width of each rectangle is 1
.
A zero follows the input for the last test case.
Output Specification
For each test case output on a single line the area of the largest rectangle in the specified histogram. Remember that this rectangle must be aligned at the common base line.
Sample Input
7 2 1 4 5 1 3 3 4 1000 1000 1000 1000 0
Sample Output
8 4000
hide comments
arvind24:
20200830 10:42:45
Try these test cases also :


gnomegeek:
20200807 09:28:53
Learnt a great stack concept. good ques. use stack with cpp 0.03 s soln.


adityaguptagkp:
20200523 22:06:51
good ques thanks 

m_yusuf:
20200501 21:05:18
Getting WA in Python code.. ..Any idea or case ? 

iamoorja:
20200429 08:36:58
Stack solution gives WA/TLE with java everytime. Even if you use long Last edit: 20200429 08:37:09 

darshan_07:
20200426 11:45:31
make sure its long long int!!!!!! 

bhavitjain:
20200420 06:58:19
Ac in one go 

aman5898:
20200414 18:35:25
Ac in one go :p 

manish_thakur:
20200318 08:38:53
if you are getting TLE in c++, use scanf and printf , your welcome!


honey7badger:
20200308 12:09:48
try this test case:

Added by:  Wanderley GuimarÄƒes 
Date:  20070921 
Time limit:  0.800s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: ERL JSRHINO 
Resource:  University of Ulm Local Contest 2003 