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            Subru and Shanmu are playing Chess. Shanmu wonder about queens . So he asked Subru the following question

                “How many ways are there to place a black and a white Queen on an M * N chessboard such that they do not attack each other? The queen can be moved any number of unoccupied squares in a straight line vertically, horizontally, or diagonally..

Subru gave the answer in seconds for a given chess board of size M x N   (M<=N). Can you repeat the same with Your Code?

Input Format:

The first line contains the integer  “t” which indicates the number  of test cases. Each of the following t lines contains two integers M and N separated by spaces (M<=N).

Output Format:

Output for each case consists of one line: The number of ways of placing a black and a white queen on a M x N chess board such that they do not attack each other.

Constraints: T<=10000 , 2<=M <=10^10 (10 power 10 )  ,2<=N<=10^10 (10 power 10). And M<=N .

Sample Input:


5 5

3 4

2 2

Sample Output:




hide comments
Francky: 2020-01-23 00:50:36

Warning, with some cases you'll have M > N, others with M <= N.

nadstratosfer: 2020-01-21 23:17:21

I suck at these problems, but like a lemming that doesn't die, just keeps falling off the cliff, I keep getting into them over and over again, thinking it'd be easy, then spending hours staring at my own analysis as if it was written in Etruscan. Then I go grab something from the fridge and out of the blue I get the idea that gets me to AC. So I never learn how to arrive at the solution in an orderly manner and next time I encounter "how many ways.." it's bound to cost me a whole evening. Again!

Sushovan Sen, your result is correct but int64 is not enough for bigger cases.

Sushovan Sen: 2016-04-14 11:34:47

Is long long in C is enough?
Can you please check submission id : 16739788

Or at least few other test cases.
what is op for
21202 35487

566030597842239020 ??

Last edit: 2016-05-13 10:33:17

Added by:Radhakrishnan Venkataramani
Time limit:1s
Source limit:50000B
Memory limit:1536MB
Cluster: Cube (Intel G860)
Languages:All except: ASM64
Resource:ITRIX 2011