LITE  Light Switching
Farmer John tries to keep the cows sharp by letting them play with intellectual toys. One of the larger toys is the lights in the barn. Each of the N (2 <= N <= 100,000) cow stalls conveniently numbered 1..N has a colorful light above it.
At the beginning of the evening, all the lights are off. The cows control the lights with a set of N pushbutton switches that toggle the lights; pushing switch i changes the state of light i from off to on or from on to off.
The cows read and execute a list of M (1 <= M <= 100,000) operations expressed as one of two integers (0 <= operation <= 1).
The first kind of operation (denoted by a 0 command) includes two subsequent integers S_i and E_i (1 <= S_i <= E_i <= N) that indicate a starting switch and ending switch. They execute the operation by pushing each pushbutton from S_i through E_i inclusive exactly once.
The second kind of operation (denoted by a 1 command) asks the cows to count how many lights are on in the range given by two integers S_i and E_i (1 <= S_i <= E_i <= N) which specify the inclusive range in which the cows should count the number of lights that are on.
Help FJ ensure the cows are getting the correct answer by processing the list and producing the proper counts.
Input
Line 1: Two spaceseparated integers: N and M
Lines 2..M+1: Each line represents an operation with three spaceseparated integers: operation, S_i, and E_i
Output
Lines 1..number of queries: For each output query, print the count as an integer by itself on a single line.
Example
Input:
4 5
0 1 2
0 2 4
1 2 3
0 2 4
1 1 4
Output:
1
2
hide comments
Parvesh Jain:
20110920 08:51:14
can anybody share some test cases with me for this problem ..... 

blashyrkh:
20110721 12:40:16
IMHO, std::pair is slower in compiletime but not in runtime (when used ONLY for storing two values). 

Santiago Palacio:
20110607 02:56:18
pair has other features that just containing two elements, besides they can be any type of elements, so that makes it slower than making a struct specifically for containing two integers. 

pankaj:
20101021 04:20:04
struct is faster than pair<int,int>.

Added by:  Iqram Mahmud 
Date:  20100903 
Time limit:  0.165s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: OBJC VB.NET 
Resource:  USACO November 08 