MMAXPER - Rectangles Perimeter
Given are n rectangles, numbered from 1 to n. We place them tightly on the axis OX, from left to right, according to rectangles' numbers. Each rectangle stays on the axis OX either by its shorter or by its longer side (see the picture below). Compute the length of the upper envelop line, i.e. perimeter's length of the obtained figure minus the length of the left, right and bottom straight line segments of the picture. Write program to find the maximum possible length of the upper envelop line.
On the first line of the standard input, the value of n is written. On each of the next n lines, two integers are given – a_i and b_i – the side lengths of the i_th rectangle.
Constraints: 0 < n < 1000; 0 < a_i < b_i < 1000, for each i = 1, 2, …, n.
On a line of the standard output, your program should write the result as a positive integer.
SAMPLE INPUT: 5 2 5 3 8 1 10 7 14 2 5 SAMPLE OUTPUT: 68
A configuration, that yields the maximum length of the upper envelopline, is presented on the picture. The upper envelop line consists of segments DC, CG, GF, FJ, JI, IM, ML, LP, and PO. The total length is 5 + 6 + 3 + 7 + 10 + 13 + 7 + 12 + 5 = 68
Problem for kid - Please, think like kid.