SKYLINE - Skyline
The director of a new movie needs to create a scaled set for the movie. In the set there will be N skyscrapers, with distinct integer heights from 1 to N meters. The skyline will be determined by the sequence of the heights of the skyscrapers from left to right. It will be a permutation of the integers from 1 to N.
The director is extremely meticulous, so she wants to avoid a certain sloping pattern. She doesn’t want for there to be ANY three buildings in positions i, j and k, i < j < k, where the height of building i is smaller than that of building j, and building j’s height is smaller than building k’s height.
Your task is to tell the director, for a given number of buildings, how many distinct orderings for the skyline avoid the sloping pattern she doesn't like.
There will be several test cases in the input. Each test case will consist of a single line containing a single integer N (3 ≤ N ≤ 1,000), which represents the number of skyscrapers. The heights of the skyscrapers are assumed to be 1, 2, 3, ..., N. The input will end with a line with a single 0.
For each test case, output a single integer, representing the number of good skylines - those avoid the sloping pattern that the director dislikes - modulo 1,000,000. Print each integer on its own line with no spaces. Do not print any blank lines between answers.
You know the problem is from an american contest when the movie director is a "she". Because, if we only repeat feminist slogans often and aggresively enough, the she's will stop uploading selfies or calling everything rape, and flood us with Godfather's and other Taxi Driver's. In the meantime, the most recent US team ICPC triumph was 20 years ago. And look at these horribly not diverse countries they keep losing to... Technology > ideology.
discrete mathematics :D
@Ankit Kumar : Plz dont post solutions!
Great problem. Learnt a few new concepts.
Getting "internal error" with python 3.4..
learned a new concept..
my 500th submission on SPOJ got AC for this one...!! :)
mathematical problem ... :)
IT IS VALID that ((hi<hj) but (hj>hk)) also ((hi>hj) but hj<hk)) for i<j<k.