TRT  Treats for the Cows
FJ has purchased N (1 <= N <= 2000) yummy treats for the cows who get money for giving vast amounts of milk. FJ sells one treat per day and wants to maximize the money he receives over a given period time. The treats are interesting for many reasons:
 The treats are numbered 1..N and stored sequentially in single file in a long box that is open at both ends. On any day, FJ can retrieve one treat from either end of his stash of treats.
 Like fine wines and delicious cheeses, the treats improve with age and command greater prices.
 The treats are not uniform: some are better and have higher intrinsic value. Treat i has value v(i) (1 <= v(i) <= 1000).
 Cows pay more for treats that have aged longer: a cow will pay v(i)*a for a treat of age a.
Given the values v(i) of each of the treats lined up in order of the index i in their box, what is the greatest value FJ can receive for them if he orders their sale optimally?
The first treat is sold on day 1 and has age a=1. Each subsequent day increases the age by 1.
Input
Line 1: A single integer, N
Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains the value of treat v(i)
Output
The maximum revenue FJ can achieve by selling the treats
Example
Input: 5 1 3 1 5 2 Output: 43
hide comments
distructo:
20200922 17:42:06
Just declare both dp and input array globally otherwise it will give you a TLE 

karankaira:
20200902 14:30:39
Don't use a map gives TLE.


zbillion_:
20200822 17:18:53
This was discussed in Errichto dp video 3. He called it line of wines.


lakshya1st:
20200820 19:41:08
AC in one go!! Use memoization technique DP 

s_tank00_:
20200801 19:58:40
why greedy approach is not working ?


imposter_1729:
20200723 17:42:36
Go for recursion, try storing optimal action for each case, along with the max function 

ayush_12349:
20200630 18:24:47
First of all, if u think that dp has no application here and your greedy algorithm will work, just go through this link, for getting an example in which the greedy approach fails.


deerawat:
20200625 18:49:20
AC IN one GO, EASY DP!! 

pradeep_7:
20200602 13:40:28
Test Case :


shubham7999:
20200522 06:38:45
ac in third attempt because forget to memeize thr dp array dont forget tp memoize it ....nice problem 
Added by:  Nguyen Van Quang Huy 
Date:  20060215 
Time limit:  1s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: NODEJS PERL6 VB.NET 
Resource:  USACO FEB06 Gold Division 