MICEMAZE  Mice and Maze
A set of laboratory mice is being trained to escape a maze. The maze is made up of cells, and each cell is connected to some other cells. However, there are obstacles in the passage between cells and therefore there is a time penalty to overcome the passage Also, some passages allow mice to go oneway, but not the other way round.
Suppose that all mice are now trained and, when placed in an arbitrary cell in the maze, take a path that leads them to the exit cell in minimum time.
We are going to conduct the following experiment: a mouse is placed in each cell of the maze and a countdown timer is started. When the timer stops we count the number of mice out of the maze.
Problem
Write a program that, given a description of the maze and the time limit, predicts the number of mice that will exit the maze. Assume that there are no bottlenecks is the maze, i.e. that all cells have room for an arbitrary number of mice.
Input
The maze cells are numbered $1, 2, \ldots, N$, where $N$ is the total number of cells. You can assume that $N \le 100$.
The first three input lines contain $N$, the number of cells in the maze, $E$, the number of the exit cell, and the starting value $T$ for the countdown timer (in some arbitrary time unit).
The fourth line contains the number $M$ of connections in the maze, and is followed by $M$ lines, each specifying a connection with three integer numbers: two cell numbers $a$ and $b$ (in the range $1, \ldots, N$) and the number of time units it takes to travel from $a$ to $b$.
Notice that each connection is oneway, i.e., the mice can't travel from $b$ to $a$ unless there is another line specifying that passage. Notice also that the time required to travel in each direction might be different.
Output
The output consists of a single line with the number of mice that reached the exit cell $E$ in at most $T$ time units.
Example
Input: 4 2 1 8 1 2 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 4 1 3 1 1 3 4 1 4 2 1 4 3 1 Output: 3
hide comments
Raman Shukla:
20220101 18:47:13
The time taken can be negative too!! 

jdmoyle:
20210712 20:36:34
@los_viking82 Thanks to you ..For the first time i got AC in one go :D 

kelmi:
20210121 15:16:01
How is it possible that my solution got accepted twice even though it didn't run in less than a second ? 

aceash:
20201001 14:08:39
no need for floyd warshall , single source dijkstra plus reverse edges will do the job :) 

utkarsh_bansal:
20200803 16:47:29
guys test cases are very weak to check your solution. try for this one :


jojo9910:
20200629 22:07:49
Last edit: 20201121 09:39:31 

manish_thakur:
20200401 20:28:58
Dijkastra practice problem for beginners like me! 

black_shroud:
20200324 08:02:03
just remember that E is the exit cell number(index) not number of exit cells. 

los_viking82:
20200319 20:47:07
@sapjv Dijkstra's algorithm is meant to solve the Single Source shortest path problem, which essentially means that


sapjv:
20191125 07:26:19
Can someone explain why we are reversing the edges before implementing dijkstra ? I am not getting it. Please explain it with one simple example. Thanks for the help in advance ! 
Added by:  overwise 
Date:  20071004 
Time limit:  1s 
Source limit:  50000B 
Memory limit:  1536MB 
Cluster:  Cube (Intel G860) 
Languages:  All except: ERL JSRHINO NODEJS PERL6 VB.NET 
Resource:  ACM ICPC  SWERC 2001 